Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

February 28, 1997

Edge-On Spiral Galaxy NGC 891
Credit and Copyright:
J. C. Barentine & G. A. Esquerdo (PSI), 1.3-m Tel., Kitt-Peak, NOAO

Explanation: Is our Galaxy this thin? We believe so. The Milky Way, like NGC 891 pictured above, has the width of a typical spiral galaxy. Spirals have most of their bright stars, gas, and obscuring dust in a thin disk. This disk can be so thin the spiral galaxy appears edge-on like a compact disk seen sideways. The dark band across the middle is a lane of dust which absorbs light. Some of the billions of stars that orbit the centre of NGC 891, however, appear to be moving too fast to just be traveling in circles. What causes this peculiar motion? One hypothesis is that NGC 891 has a large bar across its centre - a bar that would be obvious were we to see this galaxy face-on instead of edge-on. This false colour picture was constructed from 3 near infrared images.

Tomorrow's picture: Galaxy Dwingeloo 1 Emerges

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