Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2006 April 10
See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.

Mars: The View from HiRISE
Credit: HIROC-LPL, MRO, JPL-Caltech, NASA

Explanation: HiRISE - the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment - rides on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)spacecraft just arrived in Mars orbit on March 10. This sharp view of the martian surface from the HiRISE camera includes image data with a full resolution of about 2.5 metres per pixel - recorded from a range of 2,500 kilometres. In the coming months, MRO's orbit will be circularized through repeated passages into Mars' outer atmosphere, a process known as aerobraking, shrinking its orbit to an altitude of only 280 kilometres. At that distance, the HiRISE experiment should be able to image the Red Planet's surface at a resolution of 28 centimetres (11 inches) per pixel. In this first colour image, the false colours represent HiRISE's visible and infrared imaging data combined. The picture is nearly 24 kilometres wide and covers an area in the Bosporos Planum region of southern Mars.

Tomorrow's picture: Sun Halo

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Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff (MTU) & Jerry Bonnell (USRA)
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